Lesser flamingos are nomadic birds whose flocks can contain tens of thousands of individuals. These birds are dependent on coastal lagoons and inland saline or alkaline lakes for their breeding. In parts of their range, this habitat is threatened by salt mining and the demand for hydro-electric power.
TYPE OF ANIMAL:
Bird, Phoenicopteriformes (flamingos)
Africa, Middle East, and India (vagrant in some parts of its range; thought to be extinct in Iran)
IUCN CONSERVATION STATUS:
Omnivore (algae and invertebrates)
Wild - up to 20 years; zoos - up to 50 years
Colonial; can develop long term pair bonds