Southern ground hornbill
Southern ground hornbills spend most of their time on the ground, while spending their nights high up in the trees. They have permanent pair bonds and their offspring spend several years with the family group protecting the territory and assisting to rear additional offspring. Southern ground hornbills are very territorial, protecting up to 20 miles of their territory from other groups of hornbills. Male Southern ground hornbills have reddish-orange eye and throat skin, while the females have an additional blue patch of skin on their red-orange throat skin.