Animals Mammals

Animals Mammals

Nile hippopotamus


SCIENTIFIC NAME:
Hippopotamus amphibius
PROFILE:

The name hippopotamus is derived from a Greek word meaning “river horse.” Hippos are the third largest land mammal, with only elephants and rhinos larger. They spend almost all of their time in the water, which they leave at dusk to graze for grass and other vegetation. The unique placement of their nostrils, eyes, and ears atop their heads allow them to submerge almost all of their bodies underwater.

TYPE OF ANIMAL:
Mammal, Cetartiodactyla (Even-toed ungulate)
NATIVE TO:
Sub-Saharan Africa
CONSERVATION STATUS:
Declining
DIET:
Herbivore (plant-eater)
LIFE EXPECTANCY:
45-55 years
SOCIAL STATUS:
Small to mid-size groups typically with one dominant male
MORE:

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