Animals Birds

Animals Birds

American White Pelican


SCIENTIFIC NAME:
Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
PROFILE:

This pelican is one of the few birds that will team up with others to trap food. The pelicans will form a half circle, or horseshoe shape, around a group of fish and herd them into shallow water where they use their bills like fishing nets to scoop up fish into the pouches under their bills. Their lower bills can hold up to three gallons, a lot more than their stomachs.

TYPE OF ANIMAL:
Bird, Pelecaniformes (pelicans and their relatives)
NATIVE TO:
Africa, eastern Europe, India, and the Middle East
IUCN CONSERVATION STATUS:
Least concern
DIET:
Piscivore (fish eater)
LIFESPAN:
Wild - up to 30 years; zoos - up to 50 years
SOCIAL STATUS:
Colonial
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